Winter marks a seasonal change. Our bodies seem to crave the deeper tantalizing tastes rather than light fruity flavors of summer. Harvesting vegetables in the late fall and through the winter presents us with bounty for slow, simple and savory cooking. All winter vegetables may be boiled, roasted, grilled, stewed, sautéed, steamed or eaten raw.
What vegetables are these? Well…
The cole, or cruciferous, vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips and kohlrabi rank highly for many nutrients including vitamin C, soluble fiber and other nutrients with anticancer properties. Interestingly, boiling seems to reduce the potency of these nutrients, but other cooking methods don’t. Steaming appears to maximize the sulforaphane, an anti-cancer and anti-microbial compound.
Root crops, including beets and carrots, sustain life around the world. Beets provide folate, nitrates and manganese in dishes such as borscht and pickled beets. Carrots contain diverse vitamins including A, C, K and B6 and antioxidants from carotenoids. Interestingly, recent research proves people prefer the flavor of steamed carrots to boiled.
Fennel, with its anise flavor, jazzes up meals throughout the world, but is a favorite in Mediterranean and Italian cuisine. It tops nutritional lists due to unique phytonutrients with antioxidant benefits. Try some raw in salads and appetizers.
Celery, related to fennel, adds a distinctive crunch when used in salads as a raw ingredient or a stronger flavor to soups and stews.
Potatoes and sweet potatoes, long associated with the typical American holiday meal, contain many healthful benefits. According to research, boiling or steaming sweet potato provides the most health benefits, the phytochemicals in them rival that of broccoli. Roasting or baking potatoes is a healthy way to enjoy them.
Winter squashes, from acorn to pumpkins, also serve as healthy sources of carbohydrates. Because 90% of the calories are starch-related, people express surprise at recent studies proving the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and insulin-regulating effects of winter squash. Additionally, the roasted seeds make a delicious and healthful snack.
Have you ever wondered how to roast vegetables? It’s easy!. Just wash the vegetables, cut into 1″x1″ cubes, and place in mixing bowl. Drizzle over a few tablespoons extra virgin olive oil and mix to cover all pieces. Place as a single layer in a cookie or roasting pan. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and cook at 375⁰F for approximately 45 minutes or until the desired texture is reached. Jazz it up with cinnamon, garlic, curry, etc.
Here are some other recipes to bring these wonderful winter vegetables to your table. Bon appétit!